N, n-dimethyl formamide (DMF) is a transparent liquid miscible with water and most organic solvents. It is a common solvent for chemical reactions. Pure dimethyl formamide is odorless, but industrial-grade or deterioration of dimethyl formamide is fishy, because it contains a impurity of dimethylamine. Source name is because it is a carboxamide (carboxylic acid amide) the two methyl substituents, and two are located in the n-methyl (n) atom. Dimethyl formamide is a high boiling point polar (hydrophilic) aprotic solvent, can promote the SN2 reaction mechanism. Dimethyl formamide is the use of formic acid and Dimethylamine is made. Dimethyl formamide in a strong base such as sodium hydroxide or strong acids such as hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid is unstable in the presence of (especially at high temperatures) and hydrolysis to formic acid and Dimethylamine.
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