Cyclohexanone, an organic compound, is a saturated cyclic ketone in which a carbonyl carbon atom is included in a six-membered ring. A colorless, transparent liquid with a earthy texture and a minty flavour when it contains traces of phenol. The impurities are light yellow, and develop color with the storage time to form impurities, which are water white to grayish yellow, and have a strong pungent odor.
Cyclohexanone is an important chemical raw material and is the main intermediate for the manufacture of nylon, caprolactam and adipic acid. It is also an important industrial solvent, such as for paints, especially for those containing nitrocellulose, vinyl chloride polymers and their copolymers or methacrylate polymer paints. An excellent solvent for pesticides such as organophosphorus pesticides and many other analogues, used as a solvent for dyes, as a viscous solvent for piston-type aviation lubricants, as a solvent for greases, waxes and rubbers. It is also used as a leveling agent for dyeing and fading, a degreaser for polishing metals, a paint for wood coloring, and it can be stripped, decontaminated, and spotted with cyclohexanone. The cyclohexanone is condensed with cyanoacetic acid to obtain cyclohexylidene cyanoacetic acid, which is then eliminated and decarboxylated to obtain cyclohexene acetonitrile, and finally hydrogenated to obtain cyclohexeneethylamine [3399-73-3]. Cyclohexeneethylamine is a drug. Intermediates such as cough melon and Temalen.
Handling precautions: Closed operation, pay attention to ventilation. Operators must be specially trained to strictly follow the operating procedures. Operators are advised to wear self-priming filter gas masks (half masks), chemical safety glasses, anti-static overalls, and rubber and oil resistant gloves. Keep away from fire, heat, and smoking in the workplace. Use explosion-proof ventilation systems and equipment. Prevent vapors from leaking into the workplace air. Avoid contact with oxidizing agents and reducing agents. Filling should control the flow rate to prevent static buildup. Lightly load and unload during handling to prevent damage to packaging and containers. Equipped with the corresponding variety and quantity of fire-fighting equipment and leakage emergency treatment equipment. Empty containers may be harmful residues.
Storage Precautions: Store in a cool, ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat. The temperature of the reservoir should not exceed 30 °C. Keep the container sealed. It should be stored separately from oxidants, reducing agents, etc., and should not be mixed. Explosion-proof lighting and ventilation facilities are used. It is forbidden to use mechanical equipment and tools that are prone to sparks. The storage area should be equipped with leakage emergency treatment equipment and suitable containment materials.
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